Medical cannabis is available to patients in a number of strains, and there are distinct reasons for the wide selection. Different types of marijuana plants produce different effects, making each strain uniquely effective for treating certain types of pain and medical conditions.
The two broadest categories of medical cannabis were established by researchers in the 18th century. After noticing physical and chemical differences between plants from different geographical regions, strains were categorized as either Cannabis indica or Cannabis sativa.
Knowing the differences between these and other types of medical cannabis will make it easier for you and your Doctor to identify the best cannabis strains for your unique health symptoms.
Cannabis products derived from the sativa strain are known for their energizing and uplifting effects. Sativa strains typically contain a higher amount of tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) than cannabinoids which causes more euphoria and cerebral effects than Indica strains.
Sativa cannabis strains are best for daytime use and socializing. These strains are also known to stimulate creativity and help you focus.
Sativa Medical Symptoms Relief: Mood swings, Fatigue, Nausea, Increased concentration, Stress relief, Physical pain, Promotes creativity
Sativa Medical Effects: Increased energy, Uplifting mood, Euphoria, Focused, Happiness
Medical Illnesses and Diseases for Sativa Use: Mood disorders including depression and bipolar disorder, ADHD, HIV/AIDS, Glaucoma and Alzheimer’s Disease.
Sativa plants are visibly distinct from others due to their tall, thin physical appearance.
Cannabis products derived from the indica strain are known for their calming and sedating effects. Indica strains typically contain a higher amount of cannabinoids than Sativa strains which is why it is known for more of a relaxation effect.
Indica Medical Symptoms Relief: Anxiety, Insomnia, Physical pain, Muscle spasms, Nausea, Headaches, Seizures.
Indica Medical Effects: Muscle relaxation, Uplifting mood, Sleepiness, Increased appetite.
These effects are why indica-based products are used to treat variety of diseases and illnesses: Cancer, Multiple Sclerosis, Fibromyalgia, Lupus, Sleep Apnea, Anxiety disorders including: obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), generalized anxiety disorder, and panic attacks, Parkinsons Disease, Arthritis, PMS, Inflammation, Crohn’s Disease, Epilepsy.
Indica plants are generally shorter and denser than their sativa counterparts.
Crossbreeding between indica and sativa strains produces hybrid plants. These cannabis products take on a mixture of the properties of their parent plants, so they fall somewhere in between the spectrum of sativa and indica. The unique properties of hybrid strains allows patients to experience even more personalized and effective treatment.
It is also important to understand what terpenes are in the stain you are using. I wrote an article on it back in May that should be helpful. If you want to know, talk to Educators at Compass Clinic at the Dawson Creek mall.